ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA
(A sight to behold)
Beautiful, serene, airy and relaxing…
There are more than a handful of places that you can choose to relax. In fact, as a tourist, seeking a place to unwind and relax, you may have had to visit a lot of places. But Antigua and Barbuda is like no other.
It is a completely relaxing town that can relieve you of every fiber of stress in your body.
The surrounding towns, villages, and areas are uniquely laid out in a plain landscape; rich green environ and paraded with fresh air that flows from the surrounding waters and the green vegetations.
Antigua is also situated at a quite friendly and easily locatable part of the world somewhere around the Caribbean Sea.
It also possesses a lot of attractive phenomenon that attracts people to it, a rich cultural history, an amazing geology, an accessible transportation systems, and hotels that can simply blow your mind.
Because at ‘World Tours’ we care about giving you the utmost available information on various tourist sites, this piece shall discuss the following:
Antigua & Barbuda’s location on Google map.
History of the place.
Fascinating places that makes people visit there.
Geology of the place.
Education, food & culture of the place.
Hotel and Motel availability.
With this guide, you have just about all the information needed to get going on your next major trip to Antigua.
Antigua and Barbuda is an independent Commonwealth country comprising of 2 namesake islands and several smaller ones. It is positioned where the Atlantic and Caribbean meet, and elaborately known for reef-lined beaches, rainforests and resorts.
Currency: Eastern Caribbean dollar
LOCATION ON GOOGLE MAP
Antigua and Barbuda are tropical Caribbean islands in between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean. Barbuda lies to the north of Antigua and they are both at the east-southeast of Puerto Rico.
Antigua and Barbuda is comprises of cities, towns, and main roads. The islands have an international Airport; the VC Bird International Airport which is located 8kilometers northeast of St. John’s is active day in, day out making access into the town much easier.
While Antigua and Barbuda are the two major islands, other surrounding islands include the Great Bird, Green, Long, York, Maiden Islands and finally, the Redonda Island which is west of Antigua, and is another beautiful place to visit.
The first settlers of Antigua were the archaic age hunter-gatherer Amerindians called the Siboney and earliest settlement is traceable to about 3100BC. Subsequently, the Arawaks were recorded to have dominated the area. This latter group of persons introduced agriculture and common planting techniques to the area and until 1100BC they paraded the area. Some descendants of the Arawaks are still present in the area up till date.
The country was discovered by Christopher Columbus sometime in 1493 and he named the island after the Virgin of La Antigua in the then Seville Cathedral.
This country is also known as the “Land of 365 Beaches” due to the many beaches surrounding the islands.
Despite its beauty and splendor, Barbuda suffered severely from the Hurricane Irma of September 2017, which damaged over 95% of its buildings and infrastructure; and causing about 1800 residents of the Island to be thereafter, evacuated to Antigua.
The capital city of Antigua is St. John’s and its official language is English.
As at 2016, the population of the area was at an estimate of 100,963 with majority of them being Christians.
Antigua and Barbuda is surrounded by neighboring Islands like Guadeloupe, Montserrat, Saint Kitts and Nevis.
Both Islands are in the middle of the Leeward Islands, they form part of the Lesser Antilles and situated at roughly 170N of the equator.
They are low lying islands and both are geologically said to have been more affected by limestone formations over volcanic activities.
The highest mount in Antigua is the Mount Obama, rising up to 402 meters/1,319 feet formerly known as the Boggy Peak.
The shorelines of both islands are greatly indented with beaches, lagoons, and with natural harbors. These islands are also rimmed by reefs and shoals. Rainfall in this area is slight and as such, there are few streams and both islands lack adequate amounts of fresh groundwater.
Rainfall averages 990 mm per year, with the amount varying widely from season to season and having the wettest period between Septembers to November.
There are also few hurricane strikes yearly, at an average of once per year. So, if you are going to visit, you may just want to be prepared.
FASCINATING PLACES IN ANTIGUA
In Antigua, the English Harbor is a yachting hub that houses the site of historic Nelson’s Dockyard. It is a natural settlement at the extreme south of the Antiguan Island. The settlement got its name from the nearby harbor where the Royal Navy established its base of operations in the 18th century.
The harbor is beautifully decorated by green vegetations, beautiful little streams, and historic sites that will make every holiday worthwhile. It also has very fascinating boating and yachting space with two sheltered deepwater harbors.
In the capital city of St. John’s, the National Museum displays indigenous and colonial artifacts. It is a highly dignified building decorated fully with evidence of various historical and cultural heritage. From the entrance into its huge hall, one could virtually smell the scent of Antiguan and the Barbadian history.
Its art gallery amongst other interesting figures features:
• Archaic age tools
• Portraits of old plantation life, etc.
The Antiguan National Museum is a place that has left lasting impressions on every visitor.
As at 2012, literacy range in Antigua was rated at 90% and the country has about two medical schools and it possesses the most technologically advanced hospital in the Caribbean, (known as the Mt. St. John Medical Centre).
The island of Antigua as we speak currently have two foreign-owned offshore medical schools, an American University of Antigua (Known as AUA) which was founded in 2004, and a University of Health Sciences which was founded in 1982.
Antigua also has:
• The Antigua and Barbuda Institute of Information Technology (ABIIT)
• The Antigua and Barbuda Hospitality Training Institute (ABHTI).
• International Primary and Secondary Schools (Including CCSET) and various internationally recognized institutions which offer diplomas and baccalaureates
• A branch of West Indies for locals to continue university studies.
• Various private institutions and facilities of learning.
There are many delicacies up for grabs in Antigua and Barbuda but only a hand full of them are indigenous and specially attributed to its local people and these specifically include:
Tamarind stew and peanut brittle: made from shredded tamarind and spiced peanuts.
Dukuna: This is an Antiguan dish of sweet, steamed dumpling prepared from grated sweet potatoes, spices and flour.
Fungi: pronounced as foon-jee, is a cooked paste made of cornmeal and water; many have described it as similar to the Italian Polenta.
Ducana: made of seasoned rice, lobster and seasoned salt-fish
Sugar cake, fudge and raspberry stew.
Jerk meats and Roti; though not indigenous have also gain favor in the eyes of Antiguans.
Salt-fish, egg, pasta, rice and potatoes are also consumed in mass in Antigua.
Antigua and Barbuda has an interesting cultural mix of a couple of cultures which has West African and British origins. The later may be because of the country’s colonial experience with the Britain; under whose governmental control they were until about 1981 when they gained independence.
The major national sport in Antigua is Cricket, while other popular sports include football, boat racing and surfing. A very famous sporting activity in Antigua is the ‘Antigua Sailing Week’ which is a true entertaining view for all sport lovers; news have it that this event attracts visitors from far and wide.
American popular culture and fashion also have a heavy influence on Antiguans. Family and religion also play important roles in the lives of Antiguans. Antiguans are predominantly Christians and a reasonable amount of residents of Antigua attend religious services on Sundays or Saturdays as the case is with members of the Seventh day Adventist church.
Antiguans have shown a soft spot for Calypso and Soca Music; both of which predominantly originated from Trinidad.
National Carnival: This event is celebrated yearly at every August. It is held in commemoration of the abolition of slavery in the British West Indies.
Antigua Sailing Week: This is a very famous sporting activity in Antigua it is truly entertaining and it features Cricket matches. News has it that this event attracts visitors from far and wide.
Driving in Antigua is on the left side of the road!
There are both public and private transportation systems in Antigua.
Public transportation vehicles carry the letters “BUS” for buses and “TX” for taxis. They are usually on yellow license plates. This system is relatively cheap because fares are regulated by the government; ranging from $1 per ride.
To move freely and without hitch on private transportation, you need a valid driver’s license from your country of residence, or an international driver’s license. Otherwise, a permit to drive in Antigua is required. You could easily get a rented vehicle, and should you not have any, the rental agency can assist you in getting a temporary license, which may costs approximately $20 and valid for three months.
In Antigua, you could get a rented vehicle for about $40 – $50 per day.
CITIES OF ANTIGUA
All Saints, Bolans, Carlisle, Clare Hall, Cedar Grove, Codrington, Dickenson Bay, English Harbor, Falmouth, Freetown, Jennings, Liberta, Old Road, Parham, Pigotts, Potter’s Village, Seaview Farm, St. John’s, Swetes and Willikies. The largest of them all is the St. John’s and this also doubles as the country’s capital.
HOTEL AND MOTEL AVAILABILITY
There are more than a handful of five and four stars hotels in Antigua, especially around the major tourist sites. These hotels are adapted to tend to the needs of visitors from all over the world and many of them have received five stars rating for their services.
Some of these hotels that you may want to try out are:
i. Admiral’s Inn and Gunpowder suites: this is a best seller hotel located at about two miles from the Shirley Heights in the Nelson’s Dock Yard, English Harbor. From this suite you can have uninterrupted view of the Shirley heights, and easy access to the English Harbor.
ii. South Point Antigua: This is for those who love the feel of class and style. It is a five star rated hotel located at the English Harbor region of the Island, just a few minutes ride from the main site, possessing a large beautiful pool and a beautiful view.
iii. Dolce vita Cliff Resort and Spa by Klabhouse: This hotel is a relatively fair priced suite. It is pretty affordable and it possesses a spa centre, a hot hub, and a free parking lot.
iv. Blue Moon Antigua: The blue moon Antigua also possesses a hot tub, a beautiful garden and sight, and free parking lots.
v. The Ocean Inn: booking cost for this hotel starts at 103 euro and it promises a fascinating experience.
These are but a tip of the iceberg; a lot of reservation opportunities are available in Antigua for all class of persons.
WHY YOU SHOULD VISIT ANTIGUA TODAY!
Do I really need to emphasize this after all the information above?
Antigua and Barbuda is ancient, beautiful, friendly, and richly cultured with amazing delicacies that can make your mouth water; multiple tourist sites, and fun-full environments; a fair transportation system that would not scratch your pocket too much and of course, there’s the availability of affordable range of hotels and motels.
Antigua is simply a sight to behold, and until you have tasted its ancient Barbadian dukuna, and fungi, you are yet to tour the world fully!